Diabetic kidney treatment in Vijayawada

What ate Diabetes ?

Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia). It arises when the body either cannot produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels and facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells for energy production.

Types of Diabetes

There are several types of diabetes, each with distinct causes, symptoms, and management strategies

Type 1 Diabetes

Previously known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence. It results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, leading to a complete deficiency of insulin. Individuals with type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin therapy to survive.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for the majority of cases worldwide. It typically occurs in adulthood, although it is increasingly diagnosed in children and adolescents due to rising obesity rates. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or fails to produce enough insulin to meet its needs. Lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity contribute significantly to the development of type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and affects approximately 2-10% of pregnant women. It arises when hormonal changes and increased insulin resistance lead to elevated blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after childbirth, but women who have had gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Other Types of Diabetes

There are other less common forms of diabetes, including genetic forms such as maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) and secondary diabetes resulting from other medical conditions or medications.

Diabetes Hospitals in Vijayawada

Symptoms of Diabetes

The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Common symptoms include

  1. Excessive thirst (polydipsia) and frequent urination (polyuria)
  2. Unexplained weight loss
  3. Increased hunger (polyphagia)
  4. Fatigue and weakness
  5. Blurred vision
  6. Slow wound healing
  7. Recurrent infections, particularly yeast infections
  8. Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet (diabetic neuropathy)

What are the Complications of Diabetes ?

Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to various complications affecting multiple organ systems in the body. Some of the most common complications include

Cardiovascular Complications

Diabetes significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, and stroke. High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels and contribute to the development of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).

Neurological Complications

Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication characterized by nerve damage, leading to symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and pain, typically in the hands and feet. It can also affect other nerves, causing digestive issues, urinary problems, and sexual dysfunction.

Kidney Disease (Diabetic Nephropathy)

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney failure worldwide. Persistent high blood sugar levels can damage the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys, impairing their ability to filter waste products from the blood effectively.

Eye Complications (Diabetic Retinopathy)

Diabetes can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, leading to diabetic retinopathy. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause vision loss and blindness.

Foot Complications

Diabetes increases the risk of foot ulcers and infections due to poor circulation and nerve damage. Untreated foot ulcers can lead to serious infections and, in severe cases, may necessitate amputation.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diabetes is diagnosed through blood tests that measure fasting blood glucose levels, oral glucose tolerance, or glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for preventing or delaying complications associated with diabetes.

Treatment for diabetes aims to maintain blood sugar levels within a target range to prevent hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Treatment strategies may include:

Lifestyle Modifications

Adopting a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding tobacco use are essential components of diabetes management. These lifestyle changes can improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control.


Depending on the type of diabetes and individual needs, medications may be prescribed to lower blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, or increase insulin production. Commonly prescribed medications include metformin, sulfonylureas, insulin, and newer classes of drugs such as GLP-1 receptor agonists and SGLT2 inhibitors.

Insulin Therapy

Individuals with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes may require insulin therapy to regulate blood sugar levels effectively. Insulin can be administered via injections or insulin pumps, and dosages may vary depending on factors such as diet, physical activity, and illness.

Monitoring and Self-Care

Regular blood sugar monitoring, self-monitoring of blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and routine medical check-ups are essential for managing diabetes and preventing complications. Additionally, individuals with diabetes should be educated about the signs and symptoms of hypo- and hyperglycemia and how to respond appropriately.

Diabetes is a complex and challenging condition that requires lifelong management and support. While there is currently no cure for diabetes, advancements in medical research and technology continue to improve treatment options and outcomes for individuals living with the disease. By adopting healthy lifestyle habits, adhering to prescribed treatment regimens, and maintaining regular medical follow-ups, people with diabetes can minimize their risk of complications and lead fulfilling lives.

Best healthcare providers

Best healthcare providers

Unmatched Nursing Support

Unmatched Nursing Support

Top-notch Patient Care

Top-notch Patient Care

Hospitable environment

best hospitable environment

Phenomenal intervention

Phenomenal intervention
+91 6302889538, 6302240802
#57-7-23/1, New Postal Road, Near Sonovision, Patamata, Vijayawada - 10, A.P.